Commonly known as purslane, portulaca oleracea is used to treat a variety of afflictions including arthritis, headaches, burns, and coughs. Leaf epidermal micromorphology of Portulaca L. species found in Vadodara, Gujarat, India. 5 mm ± triangular, obtuse, united at the base. http://apps.kew.org/efloras/search.do, Flowers of India, 2014. Synonyms are Portulaca neglecta Mack. ex. The purslane family includes several fleshy plants. Roles in abnormal uterine bleeding, asthma, type 2 diabetes, and oral lichen planus are suggested; however, clinical studies are limited and diverse in nature. The longevity of seeds in the soil is presumed to be at least a few years but no estimates have been seen. Due to its ability to survive desiccation and re-growth from small fragments of stem, it is especially important to prevent movement of weeded material via cultivation equipment. 381 Pterocarpus santalinus L.f. 382 Pterospermum suberifolium (L.) Lam. Purslane was well tolerated with constipation listed as the only adverse event probably related to treatment.35, As a component of medical nutrition therapy for patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the American Diabetes Association Standards of Care (2014) recommend an increase in foods containing alpha-linolenic acid based on beneficial effects observed on lipoprotein profiles, heart disease prevention, and overall positive health in patients with diabetes (moderate-quality evidence).36, A triple-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial conducted in 74 obese Iranian adolescents with dyslipidemia to determine the effects of purslane seeds (500 mg twice daily × 1 month) on lipid parameters. Germination is controlled by external factors such as light, the water content of the soil and temperature. An account of the genus Portulaca in Indo-Australia and the Pacific (Portulacaceae). Solarization for 30 and 45 days provided 100% control in North India (Nasr-Esfahani, 1993). The mat-forming habit and prostrate stems which can root from the nodes easily distinguish P. quadrifida from other members of the genus (Gilbert and Phillips, 2000). Ancient Romans used purslane to treat dysentery, intestinal worms, headache, and stomachache. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this product. 13 2.1 Introduction Phytochemistry or plant chemistry is concerned with the enormous variety of organic substances that are elaborated and accumulated by plants and deals with the chemical structures of these substances, their biosynthesis, turnover and metabolism, their natural distribution and their biological function (Harborne, 1998). It is said to be useful in asthma, cough, urinary discharges, inflammations and ulcers. PROTA4U web database. P. oleracea is a smaller variety and is called choti Nunia. Additionally, directed applications of glyphosate + 2, 4-D have also been used in cropped fields (Tnau Agritech Portal, 2014). Tropicos website. actual dimensions may vary by +-10% Portulaca quadrifida carePortulaca quadrifida uses 384 Punica granatum L. 385 Pyrus communis L. 386 … P. oleracea is an herbaceous, succulent annual growing 10 to 30 cm tall and preferring sandy soil and warmer conditions. Portulaca species are annual or perennial herbs, stem erect or prostrate, usually woody at the base, branched, main root tuberous, fibrous, fleshy, sometimes rooting at nodes, trichomes on nodes and inflorescence present or absent. Although not very competitive, due to its extreme resistance to drought, it can become dominant in hot, arid conditions forming dense mats and therefore decreasing native biodiversity. Cytogenetics of some members of Portulacaceae and related families. Additions to the Flora of Nepal - V. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany, 24(3):655-656. Insect Environment. Limited clinical studies are available to provide dosage guidelines; however, 180 mg/day of purslane extract has been studied in diabetic patients, and powdered seeds have been taken at 1 to 30 g daily in divided doses, as well as both ethanol and aqueous purslane extracts. 24 (3), 655-656. Although Ecocrop (2014) indicates that P. quadrifida benefits from moderate or high soil fertility, it may thrive in extremely infertile conditions. Flowers terminal, l(-3) on an infundibuliform, profusely hairy stem-apex, at edge with 4, seldom more leaves. This dose met the criteria as 'food' and was in line with the recommended dosage of 10 to 30 g/day described in a Chinese herbal medicine text. A poultice of the herb is applied to haemorrhoids and erysipelas.... Indian Medicinal Plants. Effects on uterine contractions are contradictory. Blumea, 17:274-301. Used in asthma, cough, urinary discharges, inflammations and ulcers. Geesink R, 1972. Integrated weed management in Kharif onion (Allium cepa L.) CV N-53. Large types are sometimes planted as an ornamental. Rome, Italy: FAO. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Pakistan, 2015. Portulaca quadrifida has rich in calcium and cures the diseases like bladder related diseases and urine … This may be year-round in some areas. Portulaca quadrifida$ Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: PORTULACACEAE: English name: Chicken weed: Local name: Heen gendakola: Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Description: Annual herbs, about 8 cm high; stems much branched, prostrate. Potulaca quadrifida possesses diuretic, febrifuge, vermifuge, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, analgesic, anti-bacterial, skeletal muscle-relaxant, wound- healing, anti-inflammatory, radical scavenger and anti-convulsant (A) Portulaca oleraceapossesses neuroprotective, antimicrobial, anti-diabetic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiulcerogenic and anticancer activities (B) P. quadrifida is an annual species and the established plants are not believed to perennate. Siwakoti M, 2000. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year. Siwakoti M, 2000. Acta Agronomica Hungarica, 57(2):111-117. http://www.akademiai.com/content/119692/, Tnau Agritech Portal, 2014. The Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014) comments that it is sometimes a troublesome weed of cultivation, as the plants break up very easily and small fragments can act as propagules. Capsule conical-ovoid, dehiscing horizontally c. 1/3 of the way up. Studies on chemical weed control in (Pisum sativum L.) under different soil conditions. Naidu and Babu (2009) confirmed anti-fungal activity against Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans. Contraindications have not been identified. P. quadrifida has C4 metabolism (PROTA, 2014) and is therefore well adapted to benefit from high temperature conditions. Democratic Republic of Congo and in Rwanda. The edible leaves of the purslane plant are oval-shaped and can grow … The stems root at the nodes where they are in contact with the ground. It is possible for P. quadrifida to be accidentally introduced to new areas through the movement of soil. Seeds may float on the surface of water and are not normally blocked by sieves because of their small size. capitata), cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. Portulacaceae. P. oleracea is a pot herb and is used by the locals as sag. Weed shift in a maize (Zea mays L.) - sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) cropping system. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp. http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/dataSheet?id=8882, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015. Balikai R A, 1999. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. P. quadrifida is widely used as a salad or vegetable and may be cultivated e.g. ©Christer T. Johansson-2012/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0. Habitat: Warmer parts of India, cultivated as a vegetable. No adverse effects were reported.5, Oral purslane performed better than placebo in treating oral lichen planus when administered daily at 235 mg of purslane extract.37, In vitro studies demonstrated hepatoprotective effects against cisplatin-induced injury38 activity against human hepatoma and cervical cancer cell lines17 and increased proliferation of thymocytes and splenic lymphocytes.25 Purslane has been reported to possess antifungal, vermicidal, and antiviral effects.18, 19, 39 Experiments in mice showed increased wound-healing rates with topical applications of crude fresh plant extracts3 and reduced severity of induced-gastric ulcers with ethanol and aqueous leaf extracts.40 Studies in chickens fed purslane have shown improved feed efficiency with reduced body weight and increased egg production. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Integrated weed management for sustainable agriculture. Weed shift in a maize (, http://www.agritech.tnau.ac.in/agriculture/agri_weedmgt_problemandparasiticmgt.html, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://botany.edu/antilles/WestIndies/index, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Anticancer activity of ethanol and polyphenol extracts of, Srivastava A; Joshi AG; Raole VM, 2013. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Traditional medicinal uses for purslane are broad. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). As a consequence, the species is dispersed through irrigation systems. 1st Nat. There was no change in the cholesterol content of the eggs, but there was an increase in omega-3 fatty acid content.41 Circulating levels of melatonin have been increased in chickens and rats fed purslane.11, 100 g of fresh purslane leaves yields approximately 300 to 400 mg of alpha linolenic acid.11, Traditional Chinese Medicine texts have been reported to use 9 to 15 g to treat fever, dysentery, diarrhea, carbuncle, eczema, and hematochezia; doses up to 30 g/day have also been noted.4, 35. is a weed. Conf., Gt Britain 1953. Data sheet - Portulaca quadrifida. You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. Bergianska Trädgården, Stockholm, Sweden. Geneva and Pretoria, Switzerland and South Africa: Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and South African National Biodiversity Institute. PROTA, 2014. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Pakistan, 2015. The wide distribution and large variation, seen in P. quadrifida, points to great genetic variability which enables the species to adapt to new environments (PROTA, 2014). Saimbhi M S, Sandhu K S, Daljit Singh, Kooner K S, Dhiman J S, Dhillon N P S, 1992. 57 (2), 111-117. http://www.akademiai.com/content/119692/ DOI:10.1556/AAgr.57.2009.2.2, Wagner WL, Lorence DH, 2015. Farm Science Journal. PA is mentioned by Dioscorides (40-90 CE), with the name of "andrachne". A key component of this research is the … Scarification with sulphuric acid, dry storage for more than three months or high temperature pretreatment (58°C) for about one month can overcome dormancy. Willd.) Uses Top of page. Purslane (Portulaca oleracea) is a common annual plant that thrives in warm, dry climates. as a veterinary lactation stimulant or as an anti-abortifacient. In: Tropicos website, St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri; Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Disintegrating Portulacaceae: a new familial classification of the suborder Portulacineae (Caryophyllales) based on molecular and morphological data. Purslane's medicinal use dates back at least 2,000 years, but it was used as food well before this period. Uses. Karim F M, 1993. In its native range of India, P. quadrifida is a significant weed in maize (Zea mays) (Subbulakshmi, 2009) and onions (Allium cepa) (Kachare et al., 2005). P. quadrifida is also used as a traditional medicine in Africa and in China e.g. At 8 weeks, improvements in serum insulin and triglycerides were noted, as well as improvements in liver function tests.34 The efficacy of purslane extract in achieving glucose control in adults with type 2 diabetes was evaluated in a 12-week, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial (n=63). The health benefits of most popular medicinal varieties of spinach are elaborated in this blog. The risk of P. quadrifida being accidentally introduced into new areas is low as it is a slow-growing species with minimal risk of contamination of crop seed. Several studies suggested that Portulaca quadrifida is a good natural antioxidant that can be used as health promoting agent for various disorders including diabetes mellitus and other kinds of diseases [ 3 ]. 10 pp. Bethlehem, USA: Lehigh University Press, 404 pp. All the three species have their own economical horticultural and medicinal uses. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Portulaca Quadrifida. http://www.tropicos.org/, Mulla SK; Swamy P, 2012. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. It may also be fed to pigs and poultry (PROTA, 2014). There are reports of P. quadrifida being controlled by herbicides and it is reported as being susceptible to MCPA and 2,4-D (Pfeiffer and Burleigh, 1958). Large types are sometimes planted as an ornamental.Plant Specifications*above specification are indicative only. Portulaca quadrifida. Purslane (Portulaca Oleracea) is a Weed with Many Benefits. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. The total patent records in first search were 1832 … In vitro antimicrobial activity of ethanol and polyphenol extracts of Portulaca quadrifida Linn Dioscorides. Their droppings ( PROTA, 2014 ) influenced by photoperiod ; Sandhu KS ; JS. Indian medicinal plants a traditional medicine in Africa and Arabia medicinal plant, for! Axillary hairs value due to the environmental impacts of P. quadrifida to be influenced by photoperiod YC... 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